By using survey data of declining fertility conducted by Nara prefecture， about the never-married people living in Nara prefecture，1 conducted a multiple regression analy sis for what factors are related to the desire for marriage. Variables used were age，edu cation，current employment status，living with parentsjseparated，or feel the benefits to be married and being single，and a sense of family and children.
About men， hearing about marriage and childbirth and parenting proved to be the negative effect on motivation for marriage.
About women， the findings are following. The high - educated people desire to get married，and whether at work or not work，there is a difference in the desire for marriage. Who have conservative family values; have a high willingness to get married and those who have a good impression of having children
In addition，regardless of gender，there is no difference in the willingness to get married， whether people are living with their parents or not， whether they feel advantages of single life or not.